Vatican Circus  "The Gaianum"- Private Circus of Three Emperors 
Pope Sixtus V moves the Obelisk 275 yards to the center of St Peter's Square, 1586
 Rome Studies
Roman Screen-savers

The Christians buried their dead along the Podium Wall, whence St Peter's was built on the right-hand course, over them. The Spina, Obelisk and Rotunda stood along side; until Sixtus V moved the Obelisk to the square before the new St Peter's.

Sixtus V moves the Obelisk

The Egyptain Obelisk was once, nearly twice the height
Under the Patronage of the Municipality of Rome
Vadis al Maximo English version
Rome Studies
Roman Screen-savers
United States Coordinator
Scholarship from: Roman Circuses, Arenas for Chariot Racing, Humphrey, John H. 1986; permissions from University of California Press.